One of the major issues faced by doctors is antibiotic resistance in the patients. In today’s era, antibiotic resistance is causing a lot of common bacterial infections to become resistant to drugs and render treatment ineffective. The healthcare settings are not only the source of these resistances but also the marine environments are found to be equally responsible. The antibiotic resistance was found commonly in the pathogens isolated from animal population but now, it is also found in some of the common bacterial population. According to the researchers from Harbor Branch Oceanographic Institute at the Florida Atlantic University plus the Colorado State University, Georgia Aquarium, and the Medical University of South Carolina, they have found antibiotic resistance among the pathogens isolated from bottlenose dolphins found in Indian River Lagoon, Florida.
The environmental impacts and large coastal human population is found to have a huge impact on the pathogens found there. The study has shown that the antibiotic resistance in the dolphins has entered the marine environment due to human activities and discharges. The human pathogens have been found to be prevalent among these animals, as per the Multiple Antibiotic Resistance (MAR) index. The resistance to the drugs gentamicin, cephalothin, cefotaxime, ampicillin, ceftazidime, and erythromycin was found to be prevalent among dolphins. The bacteria like Edwardsiella tarda, Staphylococcus aureus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Aeromonas hydrophila, E. Coli, and Vibrio alginolyticus is commonly found to cause serious seafood-poisoning in the marine species.
The Health and Environmental Risk Assessment (HERA) Project has found antibiotics resistance to be prevalent among the bottlenose dolphins. It is being feared that the pathogen Acinetobacter baumannii, which is a nosocomial pathogen, could have a dramatic effect on human health. As fish farming is found to have increased, the chances of resistance creeping into the human population are not far away. There are around 2 Million Americans who contract antibiotic-resistant infection each year from which 23,000 people die.
On a similar note, the medical professionals and researchers from the UK have found that the bacteria have developed new means to resist antibiotics and make patients untreatable. Due to the genetic level changes or alterations in the external structures on frequent basis has found to help the bacteria thrive and combat drugs, which is posing a threat for humanity.
Alyssa works as the key columnist of the Global Newspaper 24 Health section and writes various health-related news here from the last 4 years. She is actively involved in this field form the last 5 years and manages the Health section at Global Newspaper 24 as the Head of the Department efficiently. She is a master in delivering in-detail news reports on various innovations and advancements in the Healthcare industry. She is also involved in carrying out a few decisive interviews and surveys arranged with the medical organizations and professionals. Alyssa has completed a Doctor of Osteopathic Medicine Degree and holds great comprehension about the medical terminologies and complex concepts in it.